To put it simply, you have Diabetes Mellitus when too much sugar is circulating in your blood stream. Sugar, also known as glucose, is an important and necessary fuel for our bodies. Blood sugar levels normally stay in a certain range. In other words, your body has a system that regulates how much sugar is circulating in your blood stream. That system centers on a hormone called insulin, which is released from cells called Beta cells located in the pancreas. Insulin allows the transfer of sugar from your blood into your muscle, liver and fat tissues where it is used as fuel or stored for your body for later use. If you don’t have enough insulin, sugar accumulates in your blood stream and you have diabetes. There are different factors that determine why you don’t have enough insulin,and those factors determine if you have type 1, type 2, gestational diabetes or other types of diabetes. For more information on diabetes classification, refer to http://www.wikirefua.org.il/index.php/Diabetes_classification
The information is presented for educational and informational purpose only, and does not replace medical consultation.